Data Law Insights

Data Law Insights

Legal insights on navigating privacy, data protection, cybersecurity, information governance, and e-discovery

Category Archives: Sanctions

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Facebook Hit with French Data Protection Authority Action – Including a Safe Harbor Count

Posted in Cybersecurity / Data Security, Privacy, Sanctions
On February 8, 2016, the French Data Protection Authority (CNIL) publicly issued a formal notice to Facebook, following a joint investigation with four other EU regulators, asking the U.S. social network provider to comply with the French Data Protection Act within three months’ time. The notice (unofficial English translation available here), outlined several alleged violations… Continue Reading

EU Member States to Investigate EU-U.S. Transfers That Rely Solely on Invalidated Safe Harbor: Starting Now

Posted in Cybersecurity / Data Security, Government Agencies, Privacy, Sanctions
Certain European Union (EU) Member States’ data protection authorities (DPAs) have already started to announce investigations and or “prudential measures” for data transfers solely relying on the invalidated “U.S.-EU Safe Harbor Framework” (Safe Harbor). In the aftermath of the announcement of the “EU-U.S. Privacy Shield” (Privacy Shield), the Article 29 Working Party (WP29), comprised of… Continue Reading

Digital Privacy and E-Discovery in Government Investigations and Criminal Litigation

Posted in Accessibility, Cloud Computing, Cooperation/Meet & Confer, Criminal Law, Cybersecurity / Data Security, Ethics, Government Agencies, Information Management, Preservation, Privacy, Privilege/Rule 502, Public Sectors, Rules, Sanctions, Social Media, Spoliation
In conjunction with the 2015 American Bar Association annual State of Criminal Justice publication, Louisa Marion and I have published a new chapter on “Digital Privacy and E-Discovery in Government Investigations and Criminal Litigation.” The article provides an in-depth look at many of the current and cutting edge issues raised by digital privacy and e-discovery… Continue Reading

FTC dives deeper on U.S.-EU Safe Harbor enforcement

Posted in Cybersecurity / Data Security, Information Management, Privacy, Sanctions
On April 7, 2015 the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced two new U.S.-EU Safe Harbor cases. TES Franchising, LLC and American International Mailing, Inc. have agreed to settle FTC charges that the companies falsely claimed they were abiding by the U.S.-EU Safe Harbor Framework, a voluntary but enforceable framework that enables U.S. companies to transfer… Continue Reading

Snapchat Settlement Highlights Continued FTC Scrutiny of Privacy and Security Representations

Posted in Cybersecurity / Data Security, Data Breach, Government Regulations & FISMA, Information Management, Privacy, Sanctions
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has been at it again, settling on December 31, 2014 with Snapchat over privacy and data security concerns stemming from its text and video mobile messaging services. The settlement is instructive for gauging the FTC’s enforcement priorities and illustrates the steep costs a company can face when the FTC alleges… Continue Reading

Brown v. Tellermate Holdings: Lessons in Preserving and Producing Cloud-Based Data and Effective Communication Between Counsel and Clients

Posted in Cloud Computing, Preservation, Rules, Sanctions, Spoliation
The recent decision in Brown v. Tellermate Holdings, out of the Southern District of Ohio, provides yet another valuable illustration of the critical need for litigation counsel to take reasonable steps to educate themselves about potentially relevant ESI in the possession, custody, or control of their clients and to take appropriate measures to preserve and… Continue Reading

Hot Topics in Criminal E-Discovery

Posted in Criminal Law, Government Agencies, Privacy, Rules, Sanctions, Spoliation
As part of Crowell’s “Data Law Trends & Developments:  E-Discovery, Privacy, Cyber-Security & Information Governance,” Steve Byers and I examined the hottest topics in E-Discovery in Government Investigations and Criminal Litigation.  Our report begins on page 15, and explores recent trends in this rapidly expanding field and forecasts potential developments with Federal Rule of Evidence… Continue Reading

Fresh Look at E-Discovery in Government Investigations and Criminal Litigation

Posted in Accessibility, Cloud Computing, Cooperation/Meet & Confer, Criminal Law, Cybersecurity / Data Security, Ethics, Government Agencies, Preservation, Privacy, Privilege/Rule 502, Public Sectors, Rules, Sanctions, Social Media, Spoliation
In conjunction with the 2014 American Bar Association annual State of Criminal Justice publication, Louisa Marion and I have published a new chapter on “E-Discovery in Government Investigations and Criminal Litigation.” The article provides an in-depth look at many of the current and cutting edge issues raised by e-discovery in this context, including the search… Continue Reading

Crowell & Moring Releases “Data Law Trends & Developments” and Announces Expanded “Data Law Insights” Blog

Posted in Accessibility, Admissibility, Cloud Computing, Cooperation/Meet & Confer, Criminal Law, Cybersecurity / Data Security, Data Breach, Ethics, Government Agencies, Government Contracting, Government Regulations & FISMA, Information Management, Preservation, Privacy, Privilege/Rule 502, Proportionality, Public Sectors, Rules, Sanctions, Social Media, Spoliation, Technology Assisted Review, Transnational Discovery
We are pleased to announce the publication of a report titled “Data Law Trends & Developments: E-Discovery, Privacy, Cyber-Security & Information Governance.” The report explores recent trends and anticipated future developments on critical issues related to the intersection of technology and the law, which affect a wide range of companies and industries. In addition, the… Continue Reading

To Be Or Not To Be Produced—That Is The Question

Posted in Accessibility, Admissibility, Cooperation/Meet & Confer, Privilege/Rule 502, Proportionality, Rules, Sanctions
In a recent article published in Law360, Beware of Conditional Reponses to Discovery, Gregory J. Leighton, Kevin C. May, and Andrew S. Fraker of Neal Gerber & Eisenberg LLP discuss the growing number of cases in which federal judges have scrutinized conditional discovery responses—responses that assert objections but state that documents will be produced “subject… Continue Reading

California State Bar Offers Guidance on Attorney’s Ethical Duties in Handling E-Discovery

Posted in Accessibility, Cloud Computing, Cooperation/Meet & Confer, Ethics, Preservation, Privilege/Rule 502, Proportionality, Rules, Sanctions, Social Media, Spoliation, Technology Assisted Review
The State Bar of California may soon deem an otherwise highly skilled attorney to be “incompetent” in the practice of law if he or she does not know the basic steps to take with respect to electronic discovery and does nothing to fill that gap in knowledge. On February 28, 2014, California’s State Bar Standing… Continue Reading

Protecting Confidential Information: Taking Appropriate Steps to Avoid Sanctions

Posted in Cooperation/Meet & Confer, Ethics, Information Management, Sanctions
A colleague and I recently published an article in BNA’s Digital Discovery & e-Evidence® discussing the recent sanctions against Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan LLP, in Apple, Inc. v. Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd, et. al., 5:11-cv-01846 (N.D. Cal. Jan. 29, 2014). Our article, “Protecting Confidential Information: Lessons from the Apple v. Samsung Firestorm,” tells a… Continue Reading

Eliminating ESI To Reduce Litigation Expense and Exposure: Sound Policy, But Not Without Some Risk

Posted in Preservation, Sanctions, Spoliation
Just last week, I published this article with a colleague in BNA’s Digital Discovery & e-Evidence® regarding the implications of a recent federal court decision for common document retention policies. The article—entitled “Terminating Sanction for Destroying Files to Avoid Suit Raises Concern for Document Retention Practices”—analyzes the court’s decision Slep-Tone Entertainment v. Granito (2014 BL… Continue Reading

Repeated E-Discovery Failures Lead to $1 Million Sanctions

Posted in Preservation, Proportionality, Sanctions, Spoliation
Last month, in In Re Pradaxa (Dabigatran Extexilate) Products Liability Litigation, a federal judge in the Southern District of Illinois ordered the defendants in a multi-district litigation (MDL) product liability case to pay nearly $1 million in sanctions for repeated and bad faith discovery violations, primarily based on the defendants’ failure to adequately preserve electronic… Continue Reading

Reducing Risk and Cost with Federal Rule of Evidence 502(a): The Demise of Subject Matter Waiver

Posted in Privilege/Rule 502, Rules, Sanctions
I have been delinquent in posting this article that I recently published with a colleague in BNA’s Digital Discovery & e-Evidence® regarding Federal Rule of Evidence 502 and subject matter waiver. The article—entitled “The Demise of Subject Matter Waiver: Federal Rule of Evidence 502(a) Five Years Later”—surveys key cases interpreting and applying Rule 502(a) since… Continue Reading

Report From Huron’s E-Discovery Advocacy Institute

Posted in Cooperation/Meet & Confer, Preservation, Proportionality, Rules, Sanctions, Technology Assisted Review
On October 1st, I attended an all-day series of presentations hosted by Huron Legal Institute and Sandpiper Legal LLP in New York, which included several leading federal jurists and well-regarded practitioners offering their insights. The event featured five hypothetical cases covering a range of topics, with attorneys appearing before one of more of the judges… Continue Reading

Free BNA Webinar on ESI in Federal and State Criminal Actions

Posted in Admissibility, Cloud Computing, Cooperation/Meet & Confer, Criminal Law, Ethics, Government Agencies, Preservation, Privacy, Rules, Sanctions, Social Media, Spoliation
On Wednesday August 14, 2013, I will be participating in a free BNA webinar exploring the constitutional and practical dimensions of ESI in federal and state criminal actions. I will be speaking with an experienced group of panelists, including Hon. Craig B. Shaffer, United States Magistrate Judge, District of Colorado; Roy Altman, Assistant United States… Continue Reading

Judge Grewal Takes a Reasonable Approach to Defining the Scope of the Duty to Preserve

Posted in Preservation, Sanctions, Spoliation
It can be difficult to identify the point at which the duty to preserve relevant information for litigation is triggered. What is often more difficult, however, is defining the scope of what must be preserved after the duty has been triggered. Given the vast (and growing) volume of electronically stored information (ESI) typically maintained, organizations… Continue Reading

Spoliation of ESI Charged as Criminal Offense Under Computer Fraud and Abuse Act

Posted in Criminal Law, Government Agencies, Preservation, Sanctions, Spoliation
In a prior post, I wrote about a criminal trade secrets theft case in which spoliation in related civil litigation was charged as obstruction of justice. I noted that “[t]he prospect of criminal charges for spoliation in civil litigation raises the stakes for civil litigants, particularly where a parallel criminal investigation is a possibility .… Continue Reading

Avoiding Sanctions in E-Discovery When Producing Voluminous ESI

Posted in Cooperation/Meet & Confer, Rules, Sanctions
Document dumps deliberately comprising significant numbers of non-responsive documents are of course never appropriate and have long been frowned upon by the courts. Neither is it appropriate to deliberately bury a smoking gun document in the middle of a heap of marginally responsive documents. Both tactics long predate ESI. But the ever-increasing volume of ESI—now… Continue Reading

Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) Policies Also Bring Risk And Cost

Posted in Accessibility, Admissibility, Cloud Computing, Cybersecurity / Data Security, Information Management, Preservation, Privacy, Sanctions, Social Media, Spoliation
On June 20, 2013, I participated in a one-hour webinar regarding “Bring Your Own Device” (or BYOD) policies. I addressed certain e-discovery issues involving BYOD policies. An audio recording and instructional slides are available here for those who missed it. The webinar was part of a monthly series entitled Third Thursday – Crowell & Moring’s… Continue Reading

New Look at E-Discovery in Government Investigations and Criminal Proceedings

Posted in Admissibility, Cloud Computing, Cooperation/Meet & Confer, Criminal Law, Government Agencies, Preservation, Privacy, Rules, Sanctions, Social Media, Spoliation
In conjunction with the 2013 American Bar Association annual State of Criminal Justice, I have published a new article on “E-Discovery in Government Investigations and Criminal Litigation.” The article provides an in-depth look at many of the current and cutting edge issues raised by e-discovery in this context, including the search and seizure of ESI,… Continue Reading

Good Faith Not Good Enough? Ninth Circuit May Require a Remedial Jury Instruction After Government Spoliation in a Criminal Case

Posted in Criminal Law, Government Agencies, Preservation, Sanctions, Spoliation
A finding of bad faith is not required for a remedial jury instruction when the government’s negligent destruction of evidence significantly prejudices a defendant, the Ninth Circuit ruled earlier this month in its panel decision in United States v. Sivilla, No. 11-50484 (9th Cir. May 7, 2013) (Noonan, J.). However, bad faith—or a showing that… Continue Reading

When Should Discovery-Related Sanctions Be Imposed on Parties, Inside Counsel and/or Outside Counsel?

Posted in Preservation, Sanctions, Spoliation
We all know that discovery is never perfect, particularly when it involves the collection, review and production of large volumes of electronically stored information. But when is discovery good enough? And what standards should govern when one party challenges another party’s production as deficient? These are extremely difficult issues for courts to resolve and, not… Continue Reading